This is a simple estimate for when the 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) warming level, as mentioned by the Paris Agreement, will be reached based on the Current Human-Induced Warming and its recent changes. The Paris Agreement has the goal of limiting the global temperature increase to well below 2 °C (3.6 °F), while pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 °C.
The estimated year, 2034, is the midpoint of the decade 2029 to 2038, in which we are projected to reach 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) warming.
It is a critical indicator because it highlights the time period that remains until 1.5 °C warming is reached by IPCC AR6 standards at the current trajectory. Reducing the impact of human activities on global warming will delay the estimated year.
Please note that on this trajectory, 1.5 °C warming will occur several years after the remaining carbon budget has been depleted; the calculation is formulated like this to consider future non-CO2 warming.
Temperature increase per decade in degrees Celsius (°C) or degrees Fahrenheit (°F), and the estimated year of reaching 1.5 °C (2.7 °F).Wikipedia: Degree Celsius
The rate of a 0.23 °C (°F) temperature increase per decade may seem small, but it is very significant. At this rate, 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) warming will be reached in the mid-2030s. It is a critical decade in which to implement impactful mitigation efforts to adjust the trajectory.
Climate Change Tracker is part of the Indicators of Global Climate Change (IGCC) initiative to spread indicators of climate change that are consistent with the IPCC Assessment Report 6. The IGCC produces estimates for key climate indicators: emissions of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate forcers, greenhouse gas concentrations, radiative forcing, surface temperature changes, the Earth’s energy imbalance, warming attributed to human activities, the remaining carbon budget, and estimates of global temperature extremes.IGCC: Indicators of Global Climate Change
IGCCCredits: Chris Smith, Tristram Walsh, Alex Borger, Piers Forster, Nathan Gillett, Mathias Hauser, Willam Lamb, Robin Lamboll, Matthew Palmer, Aurélien Ribes, Dominik Schumacher, Sonia Seneviratne, Blair Trewin, & Karina von Schuckmann. (2023). Indicators of Global Climate Change 2022 (v2023.06.02). Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8000192Update cycle: yearlyDelay: mixed